Health

How Many Types Of Asthma?

The swollen and inflamed airways caused by asthma make it harder for air to enter and exit the lungs. However, there are several distinct kinds of asthma, each with its own set of irritants. Asthma influences around 9.4% of kids and 7.7% of grown-ups in the US. Most of the time, asthma is a condition that lasts a lifetime and can be controlled with medication and avoiding triggers that cause asthma attacks.
 
Although the symptoms of adult-onset asthma and childhood asthma are similar, their severity can vary. Here, you can learn more about the differences between childhood asthma and adult-onset asthma. Certain triggers in the climate can likewise demolish the side effects of asthma and cause asthma assaults. Continue to peruse to become familiar with the various kinds of asthma, including side effects and treatment choices.
 

Allergic Asthma

The majority of Americans who have asthma (around 60%) have allergic bronchitis. It is estimated that 8 in 10 patients with allergic asthma also have eczema, allergic rhinitis, or a food allergy.
 
Environmental allergens can cause allergic asthma when they are present. Some typical allergies are:
 
  • Pollen
  • Pet hair
  • Spores of mold
  • Foods like milk, eggs, and certain nuts
  • Cockroach feces, dust mites, and cockroaches
  • Air irritants like chemical odors, car fumes, and cigarette smoke
  • Goods with strong fragrances, like perfumes
 

Treatment

People with allergic asthma should consult a professional for therapy since this can help them control their illness. Additionally, they must take any prescription medications as instructed by a doctor.
 
People with allergic asthma may also benefit from the following advice for avoiding common allergens:

 

  • To eliminate pet dander, dust mite, and cockroach allergies, hoover and clean often.
  • Keep animals away from bedrooms.
  • When pollen or air pollution levels are high, stay inside.
  • Avoid foods that cause allergic responses, such as tree nuts like hazelnuts, walnuts, and almonds, as well as milk, eggs, shellfish, and peanuts.
  • Reduce the use of goods with strong fragrances or harsh chemicals at home.
 

Nonallergic Asthma

Asthma that is nonallergic or intrinsic does not need an allergen to start an attack.
 
It makes up between 10 and 33% of all instances of asthma, making it less prevalent than allergic asthma. It affects more women than men and is more likely to manifest in adulthood.
 
According to experts, environmental and genetic variables have a role in the development of nonallergic asthma.
 
For instance, symptoms might appear after exposure to
 
  • Cold
  • Humidity
  • Stress
  • Exercise
  • Pollution
  • Airborne irritants, like smoke
  • Respiratory illnesses such as the flu, the common cold, or sinus infections
 

Treatment

People with asthma should consult a physician for assistance if they have symptoms like coughing, wheezing, or shortness of breath. This will enable them to identify the cause of their symptoms. However, determining the cause of nonallergic asthma may take longer. They should also take any prescription medications as instructed by a doctor to control their symptoms.
 

Seasonal Asthma

The symptoms of seasonal asthma worsen under specific circumstances or at specific periods of the year. For instance, a person with seasonal asthma can observe that their symptoms worsen or only manifest themselves when:
 
  • When pollen counts are at their greatest, during the hay fever season,
  • Thunderstorms, extreme temperatures, and cold or hot weather
  • Days with higher levels of air pollution, such as cloudy, chilly days
 
Seasonal asthma and allergic asthma are comparable in many aspects. In reality, individuals may refer to asthma episodes that happen during the pollen season using any of these phrases.
 

Treatment

Seasonal asthma sufferers should visit a doctor for therapy. When symptoms are anticipated to worsen, this will help them manage their illness. As directed by a physician or other healthcare professional, they should also take any prescribed medications.
 
Additionally, the following advice might lessen the signs of seasonal asthma:
 
  • Pay attention to your local weather forecasts for information on pollen counts and air quality, and only schedule outside activities during times of the day when an asthma attack is less likely to occur.
  • Both at home and when driving, keep the windows and doors closed.
  • In chilly weather, cover your mouth and nose with a scarf to warm the air that enters your lungs.
  • Have medicine on hand for prompt symptom alleviation.
  • Keep a journal to record the weather conditions that tend to exacerbate symptoms.
 

Occupational Asthma

When someone has occupational asthma, they could notice that their symptoms get worse at work or get better when they take time off. In reality, exposure to paint chemicals, aerosols, insecticides, or other dangerous compounds at work may account for up to 15% of asthma cases in the United States.
 
The degree of exposure to these and other substances may influence how long it takes for the symptoms to appear. After exposure, some persons may get an asthma attack within 24 hours. Others could experience no symptoms for months or even years.
 

Treatment

People with occupational asthma should consult a doctor or other healthcare professional for therapy. They will be better able to pinpoint the source of their symptoms, prevent additional exposure, and have their symptoms lessen as a result. They must also take all given medications as a doctor or other healthcare professional instructs.
 

Exercise-Induced Asthma

When asthma symptoms worsen while or right after exercising or engaging in another vigorous activity, this condition is known as exercise-induced asthma. This could occur 5 to 20 minutes after the workout. Exercise-induced asthma can produce chest discomfort that can range from mild to severe, coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath, which is typical after exercise. Exercise-induced asthma affects 90% of persons with asthma, with the majority of instances having a moderate type that is amenable to therapy.
 
The following elements may further exacerbate asthma symptoms brought on by exercise:
 
  • Pools with chlorine
  • Exposure to contaminated air when outside cycling or jogging
  • While ice skating or playing hockey, the chilly, dry air
  • The air is warm and muggy when performing hot yoga
 

Treatment

Medications for asthma can frequently successfully alleviate the symptoms. If symptoms do not go away after taking normal medicine, people should visit a doctor. Additionally, the following advice may lessen your chance of having an asthma attack during or right after exercise:
 
  • Utilize an inhaler before exercise and have it handy while working out.
  • Avoid working out while sick with a virus.
  • Warm up before working out to facilitate the opening of the airways.
  • After exercise, cool down to assist your breathing in gradually slowing down.
  • When exercising outside, cover your mouth and nose with a scarf.
  • Exercises that cause labored or heavy breathing should be avoided.
 

Difficult-To-Control Asthma

Although there is no recognized subtype or diagnosis for difficult-to-control asthma, some patients find it considerably harder to control their symptoms. These symptoms can be common, or the person might be experiencing potentially fatal asthma episodes.
 
Asthma can be challenging to manage for a variety of reasons, including:
 
  • Having a second underlying medical issue, such as diabetes or heart disease
  • Smoking or spending a lot of time in smoke-filled spaces
  • Not taking medicine in the proper amounts, at the right times, or as prescribed
 

Treatment

People with difficult-to-control asthma should discuss their medication, any underlying medical issues, and any possible environmental triggers with an asthma expert.
 
An expert can guide the patient in taking their medications correctly and on time. According to a 2017 research, this may be a useful strategy for controlling asthma.
 

Severe Asthma

4% of all adult asthmatics have severe asthma, often known as brittle asthma. When symptoms of asthma do not subside with conventional treatments, experts consider the condition to be severe. Severe asthmatics are more likely to:
 
compared to those with mild to severe asthma, who experience more asthma episodes.
due to their asthma, spend more time in the hospital, and take steroid pills regularly Although they may be significantly more acute, the symptoms of severe asthma are the same as those of mild-to-moderate asthma. They may also occasionally pose a hazard to life.
 

Treatment

Depending on the symptoms and how an individual responds to specific treatments, there are many treatment options for severe asthma. It is crucial to see an expert, who can assist establish which particular therapies are ideal for each individual.
 
Treatment for those with severe asthma has improved recently. Monoclonal antibodies are currently being used by doctors to alleviate the symptoms of severe asthma. This kind of therapy can also lessen the amount of steroids a person needs to take, which can improve their quality of life.
 

Summary

Chronic lung airway irritation is referred to as asthma. The symptoms can be moderate to severe, and they can appear or flare up at any age. Asthma comes in a variety of forms, which physicians often divide into groups based on their causes. Allergens and exercise are triggers.
 
People can often efficiently control asthma with the correct therapies, regardless of their kind. An individual can have a full and active life by speaking with an asthma professional and taking their medicine as prescribed. The management of severe asthma is still evolving.

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